The U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) provides several categories of non-immigrant visas for those who want to visit or work temporarily in the United States.
Generally, a citizen of a foreign country who wishes to enter the United States must first obtain a visa, either a nonimmigrant visa for temporary stay, or an immigrant visa for permanent residence. Visitor visas are nonimmigrant visas for persons who want to enter the United States temporarily for business (visa category B-1), tourism, pleasure or visiting (visa category B-2), or a combination of both purposes (B-1/B-2).
Here are some examples of activities permitted with a temporary employment visa:
- consult with business associates
- attend a scientific, educational, professional, or business convention or conference
- settle an estate
- negotiate a contract
Most Slovenes, as well as citizens of 33 other countries, can travel to the U.S. temporarily for business or pleasure without a visa, under the Visa Waiver Program (VWP).
You may use VWP if you meet the following criteria:
- Plan to travel to the U.S. for 90 days or less;
- Starting January 12, 2009, have an approved electronic travel authorization (ESTA – note changes to ESTA effective November 3, 2014); Note that multiple ESTA applications can be submitted at the same time for persons traveling in groups.
- Are traveling for tourism or business;
- Carry a machine-readable passport which, in most cases, must be valid for at least six months after your expected departure from the U.S.;
- Have a return ticket or onward ticket to most non U.S. destinations;
You will need a visa, and may not use VWP, if you any of these criteria apply to you:
- Want to remain in the United States for longer than 90 days;
- Have a criminal record; NOTE for drink driving convictions, according to USCBP applicants with a single DIC/DUI conviction is NOT grounds to deny entry into the U.S; however, multiple DIC/DUI convictions or a DIC/DUI conviction in combination with other misdemeanor offenses can make a person inadmissible and require a waiver prior to entering the United States.
- Intend to travel by private/charter aircraft or sea carriers;
- Want to work or study in the United States, including working as a foreign journalist. This includes attending secondary or tertiary school, and paid or unpaid employment (including au-pairs, interns, working journalists, and government representatives on official business.) For more on the appropriate visa classifications for these activities, please see travel.state.gov;
- Have been deported or refused admission to the U.S. before, or failed to comply with a previous VWP admission or visa. This includes overstaying a previous admission by even one day.